No central authority validates scientific claims; a claim that depends on its source's authority is not scientific. Rather, the observation of consistent results when well-defined procedures are repeated—reproducibility—demarcates science and nonscience [Braude 2002, p. 33]. Thus replication should be a core scientific practice, and scientists should routinely supply methods of sufficient detail to support replication with their observations. Scientists must also confront the "file-drawer problem" by routinely supplying all studies regarding a claim. "Open Science"—providing sufficiently complete methods and observations—improves public confidence in science, scientific education, and the community's ability to advance prior work. Thus openness should be a core scientific value.
The Center for Open Science (COS) is a non-profit organization based in Charlottesville, Virginia. COS is dedicated to improving the alignment between scientific values and scientific practices to improve the accumulation and application of knowledge. Operating with a technology start-up atmosphere and mindset, the COS team moves quickly, identifies problems and creates solutions, encourages risk-taking, blends science and technology, and is collaborative, high energy, and dedicated to openness.
COS has three primary activities:
Infrastructure development to support the scientific workflow and to connect technologies that support scientific research and communication, such as the Open Science Framework.
Community building on open practices among open-source developers, open science researchers, and the broader scientific community, such as the Open Science Collaboration, whose blog you can find here.
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